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Bracket [drawing] terms

This page has to do with terminology we should use to standardize our recording of certain things. Of course, we record exactly what Woolley wrote, but in some cases we have to annotate, most notably when there is a drawing. One of the goals is to be able to search for all drawings, and to be able to search for all drawings of particular things. This can only be done if we refer to things in the same way. So I attempt here to list the most common types of drawings and what I think we should call them.

Here are the main categories:

[drawing (architectural sketch)] - when there is an orthographic sketch of a building or wall, something that is not a top-down plan.

[drawing (artifact)] - a drawing of any object found in excavations.

[drawing (cuneiform)] - any representation of the actual wedges of the cuneiform script. If transliterations occur, try to recreate those with the keyboard, though there will be characters that cannot be exactly reproduced.

[drawing (plan)] - a top-down map of a building, tomb or other geographic space.

[drawing (sketch)] - a catch-all for unclear drawings, such as those often found on the back of cards. These were often used by the excavators to get things clear in their heads and were not meant to be accurate. They are often unidentifiable as to what was really intended to be represented and may include calculations or angles.

If you can't identify beyond one of the above categories, include only the category itself, but if you can identify details, they should be provided.

Architectural sketches are unlikely to have much detail except perhaps labels. Labels are recorded as follows:

[drawing (architectural sketch) labeled: LABEL]

if the label is clear, place it where the word LABEL is above. If there are labels spread out across the image, you may not be able to include them in any sensible manner. In that case, leave the area LABEL out.

Artifacts have many different possibilities, but we should boil them down into only a few. The most common follow:

[drawing (artifact: bead)] - many times Woolley draws the shape of a single bead.

[drawing (artifact: figurine)] - use this for any image of objects that imitate human or animal figures, or parts of humans or animals.

[drawing (artifact: jewelry)] - use for any piece of jewelry, be it a bracelet, necklace, tiara, ring, or the like, but not for the image of a single bead.

[drawing (artifact: pot)] - use for any vessel, ceramic or stone. I have a few examples where I have used jar, vase, etc. but these will only confuse things and I am slowly going back to change them all to 'pot'.

[drawing (artifact: tool)] - it may be difficult to tell the difference between a tool and a weapon at times, but we can try to separate these out. Under tool would be included any object that might otherwise be hard to classify, such as weights, fasteners, or the like.

[drawing (artifact: weapon)] - weapons would include spears, arrows, maces, swords, daggers, etc.

Maps are particularly important as they help us to clarify Woolley's contexts, attach field numbered houses to published plans, and improve our overall understanding of the site. Any top-down map is a plan, a map of the side of a trench or wall is called a section. Both are important, but plan is by far the most common in Woolley's notes.

Plans will typically be of a grave, a large area, a building, or a part of a building, designated as follows:

[drawing (plan: grave)]

[drawing (plan: building)]

[drawing (plan: building, partial)]

[drawing (plan: area)]

Large areas are not common in the field notes, but would be those that include several buildings or put a region in context of the site as a whole. Many of the drawings will be only a part of a building as the notes are likley to concern a detail area of the excavation.

A building might be a house, temple, or any other type, but we will standardize all of these simply to building here.

Written details are often included on plan maps, most often numbering of rooms or lettering of findspots described in the text. This sort of detail cannot be meaningfully included in the label section, so summarizing is important:

[drawing (plan: building, partial) includes north arrow and numbered areas]

[drawing (plan: building) location of graves noted]

In other words, note the type of labeling rather than the exact wording where the wording will clearly have no meaning without the image.